Artisanal and Small-Scale MiningWorld Bank

Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining occurs in approximately 80 countries worldwide. There are approximately 100 million artisanal miners globally. Artisanal and small-scale production supply accounts for 80% of global sapphire, 20% of gold mining and up to 20% of diamond mining.


Democratic Republic of the CongoWikipedia

The DRC is the second-largest diamond-producing nation in the world, and artisanal and small-scale miners account for most of its production. At independence in 1960, DRC was the second-most industrialized country in Africa after South Africa; it boasted a thriving mining sector and a relatively productive agriculture sector.


AFRICAN MINING LEGISLATION ATLAS

Africa Mining Vision. Adopted by the African Heads of State at the February 2009 African Union summit, the Africa Mining Vision outlines the continents long term and


CubaWikipedia

Cuba (/ ˈ k juː b əKEW-bə, Spanish: ()), officially the Republic of Cuba (Spanish: República de Cuba [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈkuβa] ()), is a country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula


Economy of AngolaWikipedia

Under Portuguese rule, Angola began mining iron in 1957, producing 1.2 million tons in 1967 and 6.2 million tons by 1971. In the early 1970s, 70% of Portuguese Angola's iron exports went to Western Europe and Japan. After independence in 1975, the Angolan Civil War (19752002) destroyed most of the territory's mining infrastructure. The


Portuguese AngolaWikipedia

Portuguese Angola refers to Angola during the historic period when it was a territory under Portuguese rule in southwestern Africa.In the same context, it was known until 1951 as Portuguese West Africa (officially the State of West Africa).. Initially ruling along the coast and engaging in military conflicts with the Kingdom of Kongo, in the 18th century Portugal gradually managed to colonise


Mining Countries of AfricaMining Africa

Minerals: Sodium carbonate or natron, gold, wolframite, bauxite, uranium, silver and alluvial diamonds. Independence: 11 August 1960 Area: 1,284,000 km2 Mining fact: Most of the mining activities in Chad are conducted by small-scale artisanal miners. Although there are several national and international mining companies actively exploring the potential for gold and uranium mining in Chad


Diamond Mining in AfricaChild LaborConflict Diamonds

Because children are considered an easy source of cheap labor, they are regularly employed in the diamond mining industry. In some areas of Africa, children make up more than a small part of the workforce. One survey of diamond miners in the Lunda Norte province of Angola found that 46% of miners were between the ages of 5 and 16.


AngolaHistoryBritannica

AngolaAngolaHistory: This discussion mainly focuses on Angola since the late 15th century. For a treatment of earlier periods and of the country in its regional context, see Southern Africa. Most of the modern population of Angola developed from the agricultural cultures that appeared there from about 1000 to 500 bce, which by the first centuries ce were also working iron.


American frontierWikipedia

The American frontier, also known as the Old West or the Wild West, includes the geography, history, folklore, and cultural expression of life in the forward wave of American expansion that began with European colonial settlements in the early 17th century and ended with the admission of the last few territories as states in 1912. This era of massive migration and settlement was particularly



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